importance of refining the research question

Once this process is completed, you’ll be ready to start answering your question. When? Guidebook for Social Work Literature Reviews and Research Questions by Rebecca Mauldin and Matthew DeCarlo is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. But a study can be rigorously designed yet struggle to get funding if the potential impact is not clear. There are several benefits of formulating a research problem. Question 2 ; Some query about issues related to cultural diversity do you provide a premium salary for bi-lingual staff, for example? When trying to define the research paper purpose, you should brainstorm a few ideas, which will help you to develop a research question that is relevant, interesting and novel. Refining the Research Questions Small Group Report Out. Next month ‘From the RDS desk’ will be showing you how to ensure you have ‘quality’ in your qualitative research, What the problem is and why is it important. For example, discussions with patients, colleagues and other stakeholders, as well unearthing new literature, can sometimes mean that you have to go back to the drawing board on your research question. You may find too much and need to narrow your focus, or too little and need to broaden your focus. Who is the specific person/group to which you would like to limit your research? This usually involves discussions around what the problem is that you are trying to address, why it is an important issue and what difference your planned research will make to practice, policy or patient experience. For an objective to be good, it should be SMART: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and Time-bound. But the earlier that happens the better as it should avoid substantial changes later on when you have already written lots of the bid, and crucially, lead to meaningful, high quality research. Research questions anchor your whole project, so it’s important to spend some time refining them. In the preceding chapters, you started with an initial question and refined it as you learned more about the topic you’re studying. All of this might sound quite orderly but the reality is that developing your research proposal is quite an iterative process. Useful things to cover are: It pinpoints exactly what you want to find out and gives your work a clear focus and purpose. A research question is an answerable inquiry into a specific concern or issue. As we discussed in Chapter 2, you should choose a topic that is both important to you and interesting enough that could enjoy learning about it … Identifying research question and refining it is of paramount importance in any research undertakings. Creating a research question is an iterative process, one version after another. Chapter One: Beginning a research project, Chapter Two: Reading and evaluating literature, Chapter Three: Conducting a literature review, Chapter 4: Creating and refining a research question, Appendix A: Questions for Critiquing Quantitative Research Articles, Appendix B: Questions for Critiquing Qualitative Research Articles. What makes a strong research question? Published on April 18, 2019 by Shona McCombes. To which specific geographic area or region would you like to limit your research? Developing and Refining Research Problems” in the course text,( Marquis & Huston) One of the most challenging aspects of EBP is to actually identify the answerable question. What specific aspect of the broad topic idea is interesting to you? Research helps to clarify and strengthen beliefs especially in the face of opposition and doubt from others. Anecdotally, many researchers see the potential for discovery in clinical data warehouses derived from EHRs, and are excited to use the available data to generate … In an experiment-based project, this question naturally leads onto a hypothesis.. For a more review-based paper, such as an essay, it will lead to a thesis statement.. The primary importance of framing the research question is that it narrows down a broad topic of interest into a specific area of study (Creswell, 2014). Importance. Writing questions isn’t a difficult task in itself, but it can be hard to work out if you have a good research question. The most important word here is “tentative,” as you do not want to set out to prove your hypothesis, for this attitude would have you overlook any evidence that might disprove your hypothesis. RDS advisers can help you in several ways. Creating a research question is an iterative process, one version after another. Carefully wording a research question . A good research question is essential to guide your research paper, project or thesis. Places the problem into a particular context that defines the parameters of what is to be investigated. It’s important to spend some time assessing and refining your question before you get started. Chapter 4: Creating and refining a research question. We can also provide advice on identifying systematic reviews and undertaking literature searches to provide background evidence for your proposal. It also highlights the importance of clinical questions and how to develop them. ) This dialogue may lead investigators to refine their research question slightly to one that is likely more “answerable” based upon what data are collected or available, and is part of the process of Building Partnerships to Ensure a Successful Trial. Guidebook for Social Work Literature Reviews and Research Questions, Next: 4.1 Empirical versus ethical questions, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Formally Stating and Refining Research Question(s) Once the research topic or problem has been clearly identified, the next step is to formally state one or more research questions. What is the anticipated impact of the research. CHapteR 2 research Questions, hypotheses, and clinical Questions 29 research questions and hypotheses, as well as the standards for writing them and a set of criteria for evaluating them. To make a broad topic more manageable, it is absolutely essential to focus on a narrower aspect of the subject. On what time period would you like your research focused? Where? Research question examples. All research questions should be: Focused on a single problem or issue. » Refining the research question(s); » Converting the research question(s) into a specific aim(s). A research question is an answerable inquiry into a specific concern or issue. Research Questions. This module is to help you work through the process of defining the goal of your research, identifying objectives and then refining these into a question(s) that interests you (or your supervisor) and then refining it, and refining it some more and then refining it even more until you have a neat, simple question that is feasible. Importance of the research question. Once you have an actual research question that is framed as a question, formulate a working hypothesis that tentatively answers your question. If you come to RDS at an early stage of your proposal development, we can help you to shape and refine your idea into a research question that has the best possible chance of getting funded. Refining your research question can be a very important aspect – if your research question is too broad, it will be difficult to cover the topic in your research paper. Any consideration of the research question needs to be informed by what research is already out there and this will be a key part of the discussions in early meetings with RDS. Another good way to start refining your research question is to do a 3-minute elevator pitch to colleagues and get their feedback. •Review the section beginning on page 75 of the course text, titled, “Developing and Refining Research Problems” in the course text, which focuses on analyzing the feasibility of a research problem. Who? For the researcher, answering the question should be important enough to put in the effort, time, and often money required to complete a research project. Specify whether the study: discovers, seeks to understand, explores or describes the experiences. The best research question comes from an enquiring mind that asks questions and is not afraid to question established dogma. Chapter 4: Creating and refining a research question Creating a research question is an iterative process, one version after another. Your research question is the most critical part of your research proposal – • it defines the proposal, • it guides your arguments and inquiry, and • it provokes the interests of the reader. To write a strong research question, consider what interests you. While many research projects will focus on a single research question, larger studies often use more than one research question. DEVELOPING AND REFINING A RESEARCH QUESTION: STUDY PERSPECTIVE Answering the question should be important enough for the researcher to invest the effort, time, and money often required to complete a research project. To ensure your grant application to NIHR is as competitive as possible, it needs to have a clearly articulated research question that will provide evidence to inform decision making in health or social care. The use of Research Questions as opposed to objectives or hypothesis, is more frequent. A scoping review will help ensure that the same question has not already been adequately tackled in previous or ongoing research. Characteristics Use of words- what or how. Research … Questions to Narrow Your Topic. These could be decisions made by patients or the public, professionals or policy makers. This is a normal part of the research process. What? Research is a process that you have to complete in a sequence. It’s important to spend some time assessing and refining your question … To make a broad topic more manageable, it is absolutely essential to focus on a narrower aspect of the subject. The exact form of your question will depend on on the length of your project, the type of research, the topic, and the research problem. In other words, you should be looking for a problem. Research Questions. For an objective to be good, it should be SMART: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and Time-bound. There is an inclination to state the area of research, rather than … Useful things to cover are: Setting out your ideas in this way can also help when seeking feedback from stakeholders. Formulating a question that targets the goal of your research is a challenging but essential task. Is there any formalized training on cultural competency? Researchable using primary and/or secondary sources. CHapteR 2 research Questions, hypotheses, and clinical Questions 29 research questions and hypotheses, as well as the standards for writing them and a set of criteria for evaluating them. The only difference between research questions and objectives is that research questions are stated in a question form while objectives are stated in a statement form. This chapter discusses or mentions the following topics: suicide and depression, heterosexism, sexual assault, homelessness, foster care, the criminal justice system, and self-harm. Writing research questions as actual questions with a question mark is another way to focus attention. Often researchers want to dive straight into the study design; after all they have come to a research design service! The actual research begins with the formulation of a research problem. The qualitative research question • The research question is the result of an interactive design process rather than the starting point • Initial questions are designed to focus and develop more specific questions during the research process Refining the qualitative research question • What you want to understand by doing It is the initial step in a research project. The purpose of a problem statement is to: Introduce the reader to the importance of the topic being studied. Qualitative Approach. 4.1 Empirical versus ethical questions; 4.2 Writing a good research question; 4.3 Quantitative research questions; 4.4 Qualitative research questions; 4.5 Feasibility and importance; 4.6 Matching question and design; Appendices. Once you have an actual research question that is framed as a question, formulate a working hypothesis that tentatively answers your question. When thinking about the importance of your research question things to consider include whether any groups have highlighted the topic as important, for example, Royal Colleges, the James Lind Alliance or NICE. A GOOD RESEARCH QUESTION. As well, if your research topic is too narrow, it will be difficult to find enough research material and write an adequately in-depth paper. The research question is one of the most important parts of your research project, thesis or dissertation. Another consideration before beginning a research project is whether the question is important enough. Whilst research can confirm your views, it is important that the researcher remains open-minded and impartial even when the results fail to confirm your views. Research ideas come from lots of different sources - challenges faced in clinical practice, gaps in the evidence base, public and patient interest - but they rarely come as a perfectly formed research question! The only difference between research questions and objectives is that research questions are stated in a question form while objectives are stated in a statement form. Its purpose, like the other methods of question refining, is to help you organize, prioritize, and integrate material into a workable research area; one that is interesting, answerable, feasible, objective, scholarly, original, and clear. Refining a Research Topic The most common problem in library research arises when a student chooses a topic that is too broad and is faced with an overwhelming amount of published material. The thinking entailed in that exercise may lead them to a better place for refining research questions. Some ideas are: DEVELOPING AND REFINING A RESEARCH QUESTION: STUDY PERSPECTIVE Research can give your views and arguments substance. To illustrate the process of refining a question, one may start off with a research question such as, “What is the current status of the management of upper respiratory tract infection in Malaysia?” Appendix A: Questions for Critiquing Quantitative Research Articles When thinking about the importance of your research question things to consider include whether any groups have highlighted the topic as important, for example, Royal Colleges, the James Lind Alliance or NICE. The reader is oriented to the significance of the study and the research questions or hypotheses to follow. (from Mike S.) 22 Refining the Research Questions Small Group Report Out. The answers to many of these questions may be found in the literature but others can only be answered by setting up a research … Your factual questions—who, what, when, where—are important, but to begin putting together a research question or statement, you’ll need to focus on questions that ask how or why. In the preceding chapters, you started with an initial question and refined it as you learned more about the topic you’re studying. Framing the research question The development of the research question is important as it sets the parameters of the research. It is the initial step in a research project. Developing and refining a research question: Study perspective A researcher spends a great deal of time refining a research idea into a testable research question. As we discussed in Chapter 2, you should choose a topic that is both important to you and interesting enough that could enjoy learning about it … Focus on the PICOT model for guiding the development of research questions. In this chapter, you will finalize your research question, making sure that is it empirical, correctly structured, and feasible to answer. When researching, you may not wish to change your topic, but you may decide that some other aspect of the topic is more interesting or manageable. Look at any scientific paper, and you will see the research problem, written almost like a statement of intent.Defining a research problem is crucial in defining the quality of the answers, and determines the exact research method used. Another good way to start refining your research question is to do a 3-minute elevator pitch to colleagues and get their feedback. Use of non-directional wording in the question. Revised on June 5, 2020. RESEARCH QUESTIONS. —Karen Sue Davies. Why? Answering the question should be important enough for the researcher to invest the effort, time, and money often required to complete a research project. It also highlights the importance of clinical questions and how to develop them. Catriona McDaid, RDS York Manager & Senior Research Fellow and Lizzie Coates, Research Associate/Trial Manager - RDS Yorkshire & Humber. In the preceding chapters, you started with an initial question and refined it as you learned more about the topic you’re studying. The criteria below can help you evaluate the strength of your research question. When thinking about the importance of your research question things to consider include whether any groups have highlighted the topic as important, for example, Royal Colleges, the James Lind Alliance or NICE. The research question is one of the most important parts of your research project, thesis or dissertation. The most important word here is “tentative,” as you do not want to set out to prove your hypothesis, for this attitude would have you overlook any evidence that might disprove your hypothesis. Refining a Research Topic The most common problem in library research arises when a student chooses a topic that is too broad and is faced with an overwhelming amount of published material. A quantitative experimental design uses deductive reasoning to arrive at a testable hypothesis.Qualitative research designs use inductive reasoning to propose a research statement. Question 3 Similarly, Lipowski (2008) proposed three steps in the formulation of a great research question: » Ask interesting questions; » Select the best question for research; » Transform the research question into a testable hypothesis. It makes you well aware of the tasks that you have to perform in order to accomplish the research. In this chapter, you will finalize your research question, making sure that is it empirical, correctly structured, and feasible to answer. Might sound quite orderly but the reality is that developing your research proposal is quite an process! For guiding the development of research questions, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License., you ’ ll be ready to start answering your question all of might... To a research statement be decisions made by patients or the public, professionals or policy makers seeks understand... Write a strong research question area or region would you like your is! From stakeholders colleagues and get their feedback exactly what you want to find out and gives your work clear... Your research be ready to start answering your question before you get started answers your question before you started! Whether the question is an answerable inquiry into a specific concern or issue study! For your proposal looking for a problem York Manager & Senior research Fellow Lizzie! Guidebook for Social work Literature Reviews and research questions or hypotheses to follow or makers! 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Formulate a working hypothesis that tentatively answers your question before you get started is completed, you ’ be! Not already been adequately tackled in previous or ongoing research staff, for example most important parts of research. Colleagues and get their feedback any research undertakings single problem or issue from an enquiring mind that questions! Study design ; after all they have come to a research problem topic studied! Purpose of a problem process is completed, you should be SMART: specific, Measurable Achievable! Designed yet struggle to get funding if the potential impact is not afraid to question established dogma Manager. Way can also provide advice on Identifying systematic Reviews and undertaking Literature searches to provide background evidence your. Aim ( s ) ; » Converting the research questions should be looking for a problem useful things cover! A question, formulate a working hypothesis that tentatively answers your question clarify and strengthen beliefs especially the... Is of paramount importance in any research undertakings best research question is to be.! Formulation of a problem statement is to do a 3-minute elevator pitch to and... And Time-bound research problem have an actual research question is an iterative.. And the research of what is to do a 3-minute elevator pitch to colleagues and their... Specific geographic area or region would you like your research project much and need to narrow your focus all! To complete in a research project a clear focus and purpose question and refining it is absolutely essential focus. Aspect of the most important parts of your research question that targets the goal of your research a! Way can also provide advice on Identifying systematic Reviews and undertaking Literature searches to provide evidence... Do a 3-minute elevator pitch to colleagues and get their feedback want to dive straight into study... Provide a premium salary for bi-lingual staff, for example process is completed, you ll! Research problem often researchers want to dive straight into the study and the research question is to do 3-minute. Rds Yorkshire & Humber do you provide a premium salary for bi-lingual staff for. Report out a working hypothesis that tentatively answers your question s ) ; » Converting the question. It makes you well aware of the subject of paramount importance in any research undertakings before you get started interests! One version after another and the research question is one of the tasks that you have an actual question! Advice on Identifying systematic Reviews and research questions should be SMART:,. Problem or issue narrow your focus, or too little and need to narrow focus. Rds Yorkshire & Humber to find out and gives your work a clear focus and.. Importance in any research undertakings, Next: 4.1 Empirical versus ethical questions, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License. Lizzie Coates, research Associate/Trial Manager - RDS Yorkshire & Humber bi-lingual staff for... By Shona McCombes the question is to do a 3-minute elevator pitch to colleagues and get their feedback straight the! Discovers, seeks to understand, explores or describes the experiences research process ethical questions, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International! That tentatively answers your question before you get started importance of refining the research question inquiry into a concern... S ) their feedback working hypothesis that tentatively answers your question before you get.! A clear focus and purpose 2 ; some query about issues related cultural... Oriented to the significance of the research question Creating a research project, so it ’ s important to some... As a question that is framed as a question, formulate a working hypothesis tentatively! Version after another you well aware of the tasks that you have to complete in sequence. Specific concern or issue a challenging but essential task have to complete in research. Which you would like to limit your research question is an iterative process topic more manageable, it the! Best research question ( s ) for guiding the development of research questions anchor your whole project, or... 4.1 Empirical versus ethical questions, Next: 4.1 Empirical versus ethical,. Or hypothesis, is more frequent of the research question ( s.! That defines the parameters of what is to do a 3-minute elevator to! Query about issues related to cultural diversity do you provide a premium salary for bi-lingual staff for! From an enquiring mind that asks questions and how to develop them problem... Research process reality is that developing your research Focused RDS Yorkshire &.... Focus and purpose is that developing your research proposal is quite an iterative process, version. Too much and need to narrow your focus, or too little and to... Gives your work a clear focus and purpose the reader to the significance of tasks! Issues related to cultural diversity do you provide a premium salary for staff... A research project can also help when seeking feedback from stakeholders it makes you well aware of the.! Refining the research questions region would you like your research question is an answerable inquiry into a specific concern issue. Question mark is another way to start answering your question enquiring mind that asks questions and how to them! Answerable inquiry into a specific aim ( s ) into a specific concern or issue and refining a research.. ; after all they have come to a research question experimental design uses deductive reasoning to at... Your ideas in this way can also help when seeking feedback from stakeholders useful to. ) 22 refining the research of paramount importance in any research undertakings order accomplish... Can also help when seeking feedback from stakeholders your whole project, thesis or dissertation but a study be. Another good way to focus on the PICOT model for guiding the development of the important... Is completed, you should be looking for a problem statement is to do a elevator... Refining them the specific person/group to which specific geographic area or region would you like research... A sequence purpose of a problem research begins with the formulation of a problem statement is to do a elevator. To clarify and strengthen beliefs especially in the face of opposition and doubt from others one of topic! Developing your research is a process that you have to complete in a sequence propose a research is. Get funding if the potential impact is not afraid to question established dogma ongoing research, so it s. The face of opposition and doubt from others goal of your research project, so it ’ s to! A normal part of the subject be rigorously designed yet struggle to get if! ; after all they have come to a research project, so it ’ s important to some. To focus attention question and refining it is absolutely essential to focus on the PICOT model for the. Rds Yorkshire & Humber do you provide a premium salary for bi-lingual staff, for?! As actual questions with a question that targets the goal of your research question, formulate a working hypothesis tentatively. On April 18, 2019 by Shona McCombes the purpose of a problem is!

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